Bongos are the only tragelaphid in which both sexes have horns. In 2000, the Association of Zoos and Aquariums in the USA (AZA) upgraded the bongo to a Species Survival Plan participant and in 2006 added the Bongo Restoration to Mount Kenya Project to its list of the Top Ten Wildlife Conservation Success Stories of the year. Bongos have 2 drums, the smaller one is the hembra (spanish for female) and then there is the larger one, the macho (spanish for male). The Bongo is a herbivorous mammal which means that they only feed on plant matter in order to gain the nutrition that they need to survive. Bongs come in all shapes and sizes. This behavior has also been reported in the okapi. Bongos have no special secretion glands, so rely less on scent to find one another than do other similar antelopes. As the largest and most spectacular forest antelope, the western/lowland bongo is both an important flagship species for protected areas such as national parks, and a major trophy species which has been taken in increasing numbers in Central Africa by sport hunters during the 1990s. "The Bongo" redirects here. Bongos are excellent high jumpers but would rather go around or under obstacles. They have a complex social interaction and are found in African dense forest mosaics. Meet Slutty Susie and Slutty Sue Photograph: Supplied. At present, such areas comprise about 30,000 km2, and several are in countries where political stability is fragile. 10. International Superstars Gloria and Emilio Estefan invite you to Bongos Cuban Café… where you can relax… eat great food… and most of all… do what we know best… Party Latin Style!!! Through the efforts of zoos in North America, a reintroduction to the population in Kenya is being developed. There are small populations in the highland forests of Kenya and also in the Congo. Coats of female bongos are usually more brightly coloured than those of males. If populations in Kenya are allowed to grow through the implementation of effective conservation, including strategic transfers, gene loss can be effectively halted in this species and its future secured in the wild. The eastern bongo is darker in color than the western and this is especially pronounced in older males which tend to be chestnut brown, especially on the forepart of their bodies. Another white chevron occurs where the neck meets the chest. The IUCN Antelope Specialist Group considers the western or lowland bongo, T. e. eurycerus, to be Lower Risk (Near Threatened)[2] and the eastern or mountain bongo, T. e. isaaci, of Kenya, to be Critically Endangered. they eat leaves, twigs and other forest plants like that. Adult males of similar size/age tend to avoid one another. This includes some 250 animals across Europe and the Middle East. Bongos are characterised by a striking reddish-brown coat, black and white markings, white-yellow stripes and long slightly spiralled horns. Desi Sandwich 8. However, in 2013, it seems, these successes have been compromised by reports of possibly only 100 mountain bongos left in the wild due to logging and poaching. Bongos have two heavy and slightly spiralled horns that slope over their backs, and like many other antelope species, both male and female bongos have horns. Bubbies. Although information on their status in the wild is lacking, lowland bongos are not presently considered endangered. The name "bongo" doesn't come from the drums of the same name but is an African tribal word that probably means "antelope". Bongo questions and answers. Mating is generally between October and January. The bongo (Tragelaphus eurycerus) is a herbivorous, mostly nocturnal forest ungulate. Larger bongos have deep, dulcet tones. Food wise, they love to munch on leaves, shoots and grasses. Coats of male bongos become darker as they age until they reach a dark mahogany-brown colour. The bongo is herbivorous, eating plant matter only. Bongos require salt in their diet, and are known to regularly visit natural salt licks. [20] Both of these factors are strong incentives to provide effective protection and management of populations. What do bongos eat? The bongo sports a bright auburn or chestnut coat, with the neck, chest, and legs generally darker than the rest of the body. How many species of bongo are there? Tragelaphus eurycerus may suffer from goitre. Mountain bongos are both browsers and grazers, eating a variety of leaves, shoots and grasses. The number of stripes on each side is rarely the same. 9. These animals would be less able to adapt to a dynamic environment. For other uses, see, Groups supporting bongo conservation in Kenya, Walther, F. R. (1990) "Spiral-horned antelopes". This location has recently closed permanently. Though larger bongos will likely sound tempting, it's best for beginners to start out with something small. Along with the Rothschild giraffe, the eastern bongo is arguably one of the most threatened large mammals in Africa, with recent estimates numbering less than 140 animals, below a minimum sustainable viable population. Meet Slutty Susie and Slutty Sue Photograph: Supplied. We apologize for any inconvenience. By managing the European and African populations as one – by strategic exports from Europe combined with in situ transfers, gene loss is reduced to 0.72% every 100 years, with both populations remaining stable. They have a tan-to-red colored coat, white vertical stripes on their torso and pale innder legs. Bong Eats is a project to document the food of Calcutta—and that's not just Bengali food. Bongos are browsing on forest vegetation, and they also peel bark off trees. They prefer areas of forest with random clearings providing fresh, green vegetation at a low level. Browse the menu, view popular items, and track your order. Suitable habitats for bongos must have permanent water available. Tits. The Latin Percussion Aspire Jamjuree Bongos, … Freeride System : Freeride system is the name given by Meinl to a new type of centerblock. In general, the larger bongos have a wider range of notes they can reach, overlapping what the smaller ones can do. They do a mean ‘Galway Girl’ whenever the number ‘33’ is called. Related: Best Replacement Head for Congas or Bongo – Real or Fake? Males have massive backswept horns, while females have smaller, thinner, and more parallel horns. Animal populations with impoverished genetic diversity are inherently less able to adapt to changes in their environments (such as climate change, disease outbreaks, habitat change, etc.). Calves grow fast, their horns beginning to show after about three or four months. Its large size puts it as the third-largest in the Bovidae tribe of Strepsicerotini, behind both the common and greater elands by about 300 kg (660 lb), and above the greater kudu by about 40 kg (88 lb).[9][10]. While males and females are a similar size - between 3.6 ft and 4.3ft tall at the shoulder, and 7ft and 10.4… [4] Bongo populations have been greatly reduced by hunting, poaching, and animal trapping, although some bongo refuges exist. The target population for participating zoos and private collections in North America is 250 animals. It uses a limited number of vocalisations, mostly grunts and snorts; females have a weak mooing contact-call for their young. Bongos are the only tragelaphids in which both sexes have horns. It eats leaves, roots, grasses and bark, choosing to feed during the night in order to keep out of the way of its many predators. [6] The common name "bongo" originated probably from the Kele language of Gabon. Make sure the tostones with cilantro sauce hit the table, too. kenya, Eburru and South West Mau, Kenya's Mountain Bongo antelope under threat, "Mount Kenya Wildlife Conservancy - Magical Kenya", "Wildlife Rehabilitation | Mt. Bongos like to wallow in mud and then after they would rub the mud against a tree to polish their horns. Collect DNA samples from western bongos to calculate the relatedness of the two subspecies. Whilst the bongo endangered species program can be viewed as having been successful in ensuring survival of this species in Europe, it has not yet become actively involved in the conservation of this species in the wild in a coordinated fashion. We apologize for any inconvenience. A white chevron appears between the eyes, and two large white spots grace each cheek. [8] The bongo's hindquarters are less conspicuous than the forequarters, and from this position the animal can quickly flee. [24], Mount Kenya Wildlife Conservancy runs a bongo rehabilitation program in collaboration with the Kenya Wildlife Service. The bongo has short, What do they eat? It is believed they use this as a source of salt and minerals. It is not protected by the US Endangered Species Act and is not listed by the USFWS. As of 1999, the population of Lowland bongo was suggested to be around 28,000 animals, with populations in the order of a few thousand in West Africa, and tens of thousands in the Central African forest zone. The bongo is highly nocturnal and seldom seen by people, being shy and elusive. Although between dusk and dawn is generally their most active period, bongos sometimes browse during the day. ... Bongos. 2. In 2004, Dr. Jake Veasey, the head of the Department of Animal Management and Conservation at Woburn Safari Park and a member of the European Association of Zoos and Aquariums Population Management Advisory Group, with the assistance of Lindsay Banks, took over responsibility for the management and coordination of the European Endangered Species Programme for the eastern bongo. Its long-term survival will only be assured in areas which receive active protection and management. sorry i dont have that many, but this is all i know 0 1 2 Their main distinguishing features are their large, spiralling, vertical horns. [21], Trophy hunting has the potential to provide economic justification for the preservation of larger areas of bongo habitat than national parks, especially in remote regions of Central Africa, where possibilities for commercially successful tourism are very limited. In, IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources). How likely are you to meet someone with the last name of Bongo? In 2004, 18 eastern bongos born in North American zoos gathered at White Oak Conservation in Yulee, Florida for release in Kenya. [2], The eastern or mountain bongo, T. e. isaaci, of Kenya, has a coat even more vibrant than that of T. e. eurycerus. However because of deforestation, the habitat of the animal is getting lesser and lesser. It eats leaves, roots, grasses and bark, choosing to feed during the night in order to keep out of the way of its many predators. Adult height is about 1.1 to 1.3 m (3.6 to 4.3 ft) at the shoulder and length is 2.15 to 3.15 m (7.1 to 10.3 ft), including a tail of 45–65 cm (18–26 in). Unlike deer, which have branched antlers shed annually, bongos and other antelopes have pointed horns they keep throughout their lives. Once they find cover, they stay alert and face away from the disturbance, but peek every now and then to check the situation. How many people have the last name Bongo? [15] As a large animal, the bongo requires an ample amount of food, and is restricted to areas with abundant year-round growth of herbs and low shrubs. More accurately estimate the total population of wild bongos through faecal DNA analysis, camera trapping, and transect surveying. The existence of a healthy captive population of this subspecies offers the potential for its reintroduction.[22]. Bongos also eat tree’s bark which has been burnt by lighting. Generally the … $ 8.99 However, they never depart from the dense vegetation surrounding them. The horns of bongos are in the form of a lyre and bear a resemblance to those of the related antelope species of nyalas, sitatungas, bushbucks, kudus and elands. Bongos can communicate by means of a variety of calls, including moos, grunts, snorts, and bleating as warning signals or as distress calls. Bongos favour disturbed forest mosaics that provide fresh, low-level green vegetation. These can be made from anything round and hollow inside, whether cardboard, metal, plastic or wood. When Sheldon's regular barber goes into the hospital, causing Sheldon's regimented life to go awry, he starts acting erratic even for him. [4] The generic name Tragelaphus is composed of two Greek words: trag-, meaning a goat; and elaphos, meaning deer. Citrus braised pork, caramelized onions, pickled … 1498 East Buena Vista Drive Orlando, Florida The bongo runs gracefully and at full speed through even the thickest tangles of lianas, laying its heavy spiralled horns on its back so the brush cannot impede its flight. They are reported as to eat burnt bark from trees after lightening storms. $ 8.99 In Kenya, their numbers have declined significantly and on Mount Kenya, they were extirpated within the last decade due to illegal hunting with dogs. To realise such a metapopulation management plan, work with local communities is essential to reverse the decline and allow for the implementation of a transfer strategy. In North America, over 400 individuals are thought to be held, a population that probably exceeds that of the mountain bongo in the wild. A substantial proportion of wild genetic diversity likely will have already been lost. If effective protection were implemented immediately and bongo populations allowed to expand without transfers, then this would create a bigger population of genetically impoverished bongos. [3] These bongos may be endangered due to human environmental interaction, as well as hunting and illegal actions towards wildlife. So, a realistic possibility exists whereby its status could decline to Threatened in the near future. [7], Bongos are further classified into two subspecies: T. e. eurycerus, the lowland or western bongo, and the far rarer T. e. isaaci, the mountain or eastern bongo, restricted to the mountains of Kenya only. Lowland bongo is classified by the IUCN as Near Threatened (NT) while Mountain bongo is Critically Endangered (CR). In 2000, the Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA) upgraded the bongo to a Species Survival Plan participant, which works to improve the genetic diversity of managed animal populations. Another similarity to okapiis their long, prehensile tongue. The mountain bongo is only found in the wild in a few mountain regions of central Kenya. Bongos have seldom been seen in herds of more than 20. Like many forest ungulates, bongos are herbivorous browsers and feed on leaves, bushes, vines, bark and pith of rotting trees, grasses/herbs, roots, cereals, and fruits. At least one collaborative effort for reintroduction between North American wildlife facilities has already been carried out. An ideal habitat for bongos in East Africa are mass bamboo die-offs. Another similarity to the okapi, though the bongo is unrelated, is that the bongo has a long prehensile tongue which it uses to grasp grasses and leaves. Although bongos are quite easy for humans to catch using snares, many people native to the bongos' habitat believed that if they ate or touched bongo, they would have spasms similar to epileptic seizures. Bumpers. 7. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-2.RLTS.T22058A50197275.en, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-2.RLTS.T22057A50197212.en,, Bongo Surveillance Programme monitoring and surveillance continues in Aberdare, Mt. This location has recently closed permanently. They spend most of their time browsing, using their prehensile tongue to get vegetation, and using their horns to uproot young plants. The scientific name of the bongo is Tragelaphus eurycerus, and it belongs to the genus Tragelaphus and family Bovidae. The bongo is a large forest-living antelope characterized by striking reddish-brown coat with 10-15 vertical white stripes. For this reason, the 'metapopulation management plan' must occur concurrently with conservation strategies to enhance in situ population growth. The bongo is the only type of Tragelaphus in which both males and females have horns. By managing all four populations as one, through strategic transfers, gene loss is reduced from 8% to 2% per decade, without any increase in bongo numbers in Kenya. All bongos in captivity are from the isolated Aberdare Mountains of central Kenya. Gallery Excellent service and customer satisfaction are a top priority for us, while our fresh ingredients and skilled chefs ensure that all you need to do is relax and look forward to your party. Sexual maturity is reached at 24–27 months. The isolation of the four remaining small bongo populations, which themselves would appear to be in decline, means a substantial amount of genetic material is lost each generation. Expect shit tinnies and bland hot dogs [20], The eastern/mountain bongo's survival in the wild is dependent on more effective protection of the surviving remnant populations in Kenya. Diet and Nutrition Springboks eat grasses and other vegetation. Their horns grow rapidly and begin to show in 3.5 months. [25] The Conservancy aims to prevent extinction of the bongo through breeding and release back into the wild.[26][27]. [5] The specific name eurycerus originated from the fusion of eurus (broad, widespread) and keras (an animal's horn). once i heard that they eat certain types of grass but I'm not sure about that one. Only about 60% live in protected areas. However, these populations are believed to be small, fragmented, and vulnerable to extinction. Population in the Wild:15,000-25,000 The bongo (or Tragelaphus eurycerus) is a secretive, forest-dwelling antelope that lives in the woodlands of Central Africa. The browsing behavior of bongos is important in stopping the vegetation of forests becoming overgrown. Located in Disney Springs. [18] Leopards and spotted hyenas are the primary natural predators (lions are seldom encountered due to differing habitat preferences); pythons sometimes eat bongo calves. Some are very basic with just a bowl and chamber. This centerblock avoids drilling holes in the shell, thus “ maxim izing the amount of resonance and warm tones “ And according to customers reviews, these bongos really sound better than “regular centerblock” bongos. The calves grow rapidly and can soon accompany their mothers in the nursery herds. 2002. Chances are, most people haven't met someone with Bongo as their last name since less than 1 person in 1.0m people have that last name. BEWBZ. Bongos (Spanish: bongó) are an Afro-Cuban percussion instrument consisting of a pair of small open bottomed drums of different sizes. As a result, bongos in their native ranges have been relatively unharmed. Blorps. They also visit salt licks quite regularly to increase their mineral intake, a behavior also shared with okapi. Pathogenesis of goiter in the bongo may reflect a mixture of genetic predisposition coupled with environmental factors, including a period of exposure to a goitrogen. Two. Like many forest animals bongos are herbivorous and feed on tree/bush leaves, bushes, vines, bark and pith of rotting trees, grasses/herbs, roots, cereals, shrubs and fruits. This behavior is believed to be a means of getting salts and minerals into their diets. Bongos are browsers, which means that they feed primarily on branches, shrubs, and leaves, rather than on grasses. Other major threats are diseases from domestic livestock, and predators such as lions and leopards. To illustrate significance of genetic diversity loss, assume the average metapopulation size is 35 animals based on 140 animals spread across four populations (140/4=35). Bongo drums or bongos refer to the drum set made of two different sized drums that are attached to one another; the larger drum is known as an "hembra," which in Spanish translates to female, and the smaller drum is known as a "macho," which translates as male. Like other antelopes (and cattle which they are … It was first described by Irish naturalist William Ogilby in 1837. This behavior is believed to be a means of getting salt or minerals. Eastern bongos can be found in one remote area of Kenya. Fund rangers to collect the above data in Kenya, enhance the degree of protection afforded to and level of understanding of the eastern bongos' ecological needs. Today, all three populations' ranges have shrunk in size due to habitat loss for agriculture and uncontrolled timber cutting, as well as hunting for meat. Both sexes have heavy spiral horns; those of the male are longer and more massive. The eastern bongo is larger and heavier than the western bongo. Bongo drums, pair of small single-headed Afro-Cuban drums. They are weaned after six months and reach sexual maturity at about 20 months. When in distress, the bongo emits a bleat. It has a prehensile tongue and uses it to reach the fresh leaves which are higher up and to pull out roots. They eat different things depending on the season: grass when there is water, but plants that are more water rich, such as flowers, when there is not much water available. In 2013, SafariCom telecommunications donated money to the Bongo Surveillance Programme[23] to try to keep tabs on what are thought to be the last 100 eastern bongos left in the wild in the Mau Eburu Forest in central Kenya, whose numbers are still declining due to logging of their habitat and illegal poaching. Like all other horns of antelopes, the core of a bongo's horn is hollow and the outer layer of the horn is made of keratin, the same material that makes up human fingernails, toenails and hair. Because of this superstition, bongos were less harmed in their native ranges than expected. Discover unique things to do, places to eat, and sights to see in the best destinations around the world with Bring Me! Bongo Antelope on The IUCN Red List site -,, However, like deer, bongos may exhibit crepuscular behaviour. The two sub-species are the Lowland bongo (the Western bongo) and the Mountain bongo (the Eastern bongo). 7. They eat leaves, shrubs, flowers, young shoots, and grasses. These are a subspecies of bongo called the 'mountain bongo' and have long been isolated from the forest population. Its legs have black white bands and its long tail ends in a tuft. In the last few decades, a rapid decline in the numbers of wild mountain bongo has occurred due to poaching and human pressure on their habitat, with local extinctions reported in Cherangani and Chepalungu hills, Kenya. An international studbook is maintained to help manage animals held in captivity. 9. So where do bongos live? White Oak staff members traveled with the bongos to a Mount Kenya holding facility, where they stayed until being reintroduced.[19]. After a gestation period of about 9 months, the female gives birth to a single calf. Bongo, (Tragelaphus eurycerus), the largest, most colourful, and most sociable of the African forest antelopes, belonging to the spiral-horned antelope tribe Tragelaphini (family Bovidae). Like other antelopes, they are herbivorous browsers that feed on leaves, bushes, vines, bark, grasses, roots, cereals, shrubs, flowers, and fruits. Bongo have a craving for salt. The two heads, which are respectively about 5 inches (13 cm) and about 7 inches (18 cm) across, are nailed or rod-tensioned to wooden, open-ended “shells” of the same height. Users qualify the sound as overall more powerful. Assuming stable populations, these populations will lose 8% of their genetic diversity every decade. Seared Cuban black bean patty, roasted pineapple salsa, Bongo's ketchup, house aioli, cilantro and Swiss cheese on a toasted papas roll. Native people have the belief that if they touch or eat bongo they will suffer from spasms like epileptic seizures. They use this long tongue to grasp and retrieve fruits, roots, leaves, bark, vines, grasses, and bushes. What do they eat? Located in Disney Springs. If this does not occur, it will eventually become extinct in the wild. The large ears are to sharpen hearing, and the distinctive coloration may help bongos identify one another in their dark forest habitats. The Bongo has a prehensile tongue which helps it to reach fresh leaves higher up and also aids it when pulling roots out of the ground. What do they eat? The situation is exacerbated because these animals are spread across four isolated populations. Gestation is about 285 days (9.5 months), with one young per birth, and weaning occurs at six months. Historically, bongos are found in three disjunct parts of Africa: East, Central and West. [13] Bongos are both timid and easily frightened; after a scare, a bongo moves away at considerable speed, even through dense undergrowth. Only about 60% are in protected areas, suggesting the actual numbers of the lowland subspecies may only be in the low tens of thousands. Tits. The lips of a bongo are white, topped with a black muzzle. Examination of bongo feces revealed that charcoal from trees burnt by lightning is consumed. The size of the drums is the most obvious difference between congas and bongos.Congas are larger in diameter, and the depth of the shells is much larger than on bongo. Bumpers. [12] When they are with a herd of females, males do not coerce them or try to restrict their movements as do some other antelopes. 8. Estimates of bongo population are limited in availability. This page was last edited on 24 October 2020, at 14:13. once i heard that they eat certain types of grass but I'm not sure about that one. Humans prey on them for their pelts, horns, and meat, with the species being a common local source for "bush meat". Bongos are also known to eat burnt wood after a storm, as a rich source of salt and minerals.[16][17]. Smaller bongos emit a higher pitch. CITES lists bongos as an Appendix III species, only regulating their exportation from a single country, Ghana. The western/lowland bongo faces an ongoing population decline as habitat destruction and hunting pressures increase with the relentless expansion of human settlement. The plan is to engage in conservation activities in Kenya to assist in reversing the decline of the eastern bongo populations and genetic diversity in Africa, and in particular, applying population management expertise to help ensure the persistence of genetic diversity in the free ranging wild populations. It has a prehensile tongue and uses it to reach the fresh leaves which are higher up and to pull out roots. Occasionally, they meet and spar with their horns in a ritualised manner and it is rare for serious fights to take place. They have been known to eat burned wood after lightning storms. Bongos will eat mineral-rich soil and drink muddy water at mineral licks, which are often created by elephants. To help cool down when it is hot, bongos wallow in mud, and then rub the mud onto a tree to polish their smooth, heavy horns. This bongo is classified by the IUCN Antelope Specialist Group as Critically Endangered, with fewer individuals in the wild than in captivity (where it breeds readily).[3]. Males, called bulls, tend to be solitary, while females with young live in groups of six to eight. There is a small group of Bongos that live in the mountains of Kenya. Females prefer to use traditional calving grounds restricted to certain areas, while newborn calves lie in hiding for a week or more, receiving short visits by the mother to suckle.[14]. Bongos are played by hand and help keep the rhythm of dances consistent and quick. Bongos sometimes eat burned wood when lightning storms have occurred, which is probably a way of getting salt or minerals. Bongos are found in tropical jungles with dense undergrowth up to an altitude of 4,000 meters (13,000 feet) in Central Africa, with isolated populations in Kenya, and these West African countries: Cameroon, the Central African Republic, the Republic of the Congo, the Democratic Republic of Congo, the Ivory Coast, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone, South Sudan.

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